Common methods Used for Hacking a WebSite ?

Common methods Used for Hacking a WebSite ?

1. Remote File Inclusion or RFI

4. Local file inclusion or LFI

5. Directory Traversal attack

Remote File Inclusion or RFI :-
It is a type of vulnerability most often found on websites, it allows an attacker to include a remote file usually through a script on the web server. The vulnerability occurs due to the use of user supplied input without proper validation. This can lead to something as minimal as outputting the contents of the file, but depending on the severityto to know more about it  click here

SQL injection :-
It is a code injection technique that exploits a security vulnerability occurring in the database layer of an application. The vulnerability is present when user input is either incorrectly filtered for string literal escape characters embedded in SQL statements or user input is not strongly typed and thereby unexpectedly executed. It is an instance of a more general class of vulnerabilities that can occur whenever one programming or scripting language is embedded inside another. SQL injection attacks are also known as SQL insertion attacks to know more click here

Cross site scripting or XXS :-
It is  is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications that enables malicious attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users. An exploited cross-site scripting vulnerability can be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same origin policy. Cross-site scripting carried out on websites were roughly 80% of all security vulnerabilities documented by Symantec as of 2007. Their impact may range from a petty nuisance to a significant security risk, depending on the sensitivity of the data handled by the vulnerable site, and the nature of any security mitigations implemented by the site's owner  to know no more click here 

Local file inclusion or LFI :-                                   
It is similar to remote file inclusion to know more about it click here

Directory Traversal attack :-
A directory traversal (or path traversal) is to exploit insufficient security validation / sanitization of user-supplied input file names, so that characters representing "traverse to parent directory" are passed through to the file APIs.

The goal of this attack is to order an application to access a computer file that is not intended to be accessible. This attack exploits a lack of security (the software is acting exactly as it is supposed to) as opposed to exploiting a bug in the code.
to know more about it click here

I hope you like this post. For further doubts and clarifications please pass your comments.

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